Companions Overview

There are five different companion archetypes: Healer, Ranged DPS, Melee DPS, Melee Tank, and Ranged Tank. Each class gets one of each companion type (plus the ship droid who can heal). I have only done profiles for the Jedi Knight and Jedi Consular companions, but the abilities for each archetype are more or less identical, so if you want to see what abilities Bowdaar has, just look at the profiles for Qyzen Fess or Lord Scourge.

Each companion has two Crew Skill bonuses. Though the developers said some time ago during beta that they were going to remove these bonuses, they're still in the game at release. Efficiency bonus appears to reduce time for missions or crafting, and Critical bonus increases chances for critical successes in crafting (resulting in an item with an Augment socket) or critical successes in missions (which return extra or improved materials/items). It's not clear whether these bonuses have any effect on in-world gathering. Unfortunately, though the bonus types seem appropriate to each character's background, the majority of them are totally useless for the skills that most Jedi will choose.

Name Species Role Crew Skill Bonuses
T7-01 Astromech Droid Ranged Tank +10 Bioanalysis Efficiency, +2 Slicing Critical
Kira Carsen Female Human Melee DPS +5 Synthweaving Critical, +1 Treasure Hunting Critical
C2-N2 Protocol Droid Healer (none)
Doc Male Human Healer +5 Underworld Trading Efficiency, +5 Biochem Critical
Fideltin Rusk Male Chagrian Ranged DPS +10 Scavenging Efficiency, +10 Armstech Efficiency
Lord Scourge Male Sith Pureblood Melee Tank +10 Archaeology Efficiency, +10 Artifice Efficiency
Qyzen Fess Male Trandoshan Melee Tank +15 Archaeology Efficiency, +5 Bioanalysis Efficiency
Tharan Cedrax Male Human Healer +10 Slicing Efficiency, +10 Cybertech Efficiency
Zenith Male Twi'lek Ranged DPS +15 Investigation Efficiency, +1 Underworld Trading Critical
Felix Iresso Male Human Ranged Tank +2 Scavenging Critical, +2 Armstech Critical
Nadia Grell Female Sarkhai Melee DPS +10 Synthweaving Efficiency, +2 Diplomacy Critical
Tanno Vik Male Weequay Melee Tank +5 Armormech Critical, +1 Underworld Trading Critical
Aric Jorgan Male Cathar Ranged DPS +10 Armstech Efficiency, +2 Diplomacy Critical
Elara Dorne Female Human Healer +10 Bioanalysis Efficiency, +10 Biochem Efficiency
M1-4X Assault Droid Ranged Tank +5 Scavenging Critical, +5 Cybertech Efficiency
Yuun Male Gand Melee DPS +10 Slicing Efficiency, +10 Investigation Efficiency
Bowdaar Male Wookiee Melee Tank +10 Scavenging Efficiency.
Corso Riggs Male Human Ranged Tank +5 Armstech Critical, +5 Underworld Trading Efficiency
Risha Female Human Ranged DPS +1 Slicing Critical, +15 Diplomacy Efficiency
Akaavi Spar Female Zabrak Melee DPS +2 Bioanalysis Critical, +10 Armormech Efficiency
Guss Tuno Male Mon Calamari Healer +10 Archaeology Efficiency, +2 Treasure Hunting Critical.

Here is the list of Empire companions, just in case anyone is curious.

Name Species Role Crew Skill Bonuses
Vette Female Twi'lek Ranged DPS +5 Treasure Hunting Critical, +5 Underworld Trading Efficiency
Malavai Quinn Male Human Healer +10 Armstech Efficiency, +10 Diplomacy Efficiency
Jaesa Wilsaam Female Human Melee DPS +5 Archaeology Efficiency, +5 Synthweaving Critical
Lt. Pierce Male Human Ranged Tank +10 Cybertech Efficiency, +2 Investigation Critical
Broonmark Male Talz Melee Tank +2 Bioanalysis Critical, +10 Scavenging Efficiency
2V-R8 Protocol Droid Healer (none)
Khem Val Male Dashade Melee Tank +15 Artifice Efficiency, +5 Investigation Efficiency
Andronikos Revel Male Human Ranged DPS +2 Slicing Critical, +2 Underworld Trading Critical
Ashara Zavros Female Togruta Melee DPS +10 Synthweaving Efficiency, +10 Diplomacy
Talos Drellik Male Human Healer +5 Archaeology Critical, +5 Treasure Hunting Efficiency
Xalek Male Kaleesh Melee DPS +10 Bioanalysis Efficiency, +2 Scavenging Critical
Mako Female Human Healer +15 Slicing Efficiency, +5 Cybertech Efficiency
Gault Rennow Male Devorian Ranged DPS +2 Biochem Critical, +10 Underworld Trading Efficiency
Torian Cadera Male Human Melee DPS +2 Bioanalysis Critical, +10 Investigation Efficiency
Blizz Male Jawa Ranged Tank +15 Armormech Efficiency, +1 Armstech Critical
Skadge Male Houk Melee Tank +10 Scavenging Efficiency, +2 Treasure Hunting Critical
Kaliyo D'jannis Female Rattataki Ranged Tank +10 Armstech Efficiency, +2 Underworld Trading Critical
SCORPIO Assassin Droid Melee Tank +2 Slicing Critical, +10 Cybertech Efficiency
Vector Hyllus Male Human Melee DPS +5 Bioanalysis Efficiency, +5 Diplomacy Critical
Dr. Lokin Male Human/Rakghoul Healer +15 Biochem Efficiency, +10 Investigation Efficiency
Raina Temple Female Human Ranged DPS +10 Scavenging Efficiency, +2 Armormech Critical